Karen's Family Kaleidoscope

A collection of several trees, some trees are people related to me. Some are research I have done for others.

Henry Back, Sr.

Henry Back, Sr.

Male Bef 1749 - 1807-1809  (~ 59 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name Henry Back 
    • YDNA evidence ties Henry to Harman Back Sr. through matches to Harman's sons Harman Jr. and Joseph. https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/bach-to-back/about

      Multiple descendants of Henry Back Sr. through his sons Henry Back Jr. of Letcher County Kentucky and John Back of Breathitt County Kentucky have participated in Y DNA testing at the 67 marker level. They all match Y DNA to a descendant of Harman Back Jr. of Fayette County Kentucky and a descendant of Joseph Back of Garrard County. The Back men share a unique and unusual haplogroup, E-FT137267 (E-V22) and also have a deletion (no DNA) at marker DYS425, an unusual occurrence.
    Suffix Sr. 
    Born Before 1750  Orange Co Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1807-1809  Probably Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I99  Bach to Back
    Last Modified 21 Sep 2023 

    Father Harman Back,   b. 1708,   d. 1797, Garrard Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 89 years) 
    Mother Unknown Mother 
    Notes 
    • No evidence has been found of the identity of the mother(s) of Harman's sons or his daughter Mary Back Tapp

    Family ID F90  Group Sheet

    Family Elizabeth Huffman,   b. 13 Jul 1746, Orange County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. after1831, Harlan Co., KY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years) 
    Married 1762-1773  Culpeper County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Elizabeth was not yet married when her father wrote his will in 1762 but was married to Henry Back when the estate was settled in 1773. The estate documents prove the marriage of Elizabeth Huffman to Henry Back. The Huffman Bible and the English Catechism prove Elizabeth Back who died after 1830 in Harlan County Kentucky was the wife of Henry Back of Culpeper County Virginia.
    Children 
     1. John Back,   b. 19 Nov 1774, Culpepper County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Nov 1853, Breathitt Co., Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
    +2. Benjamin Back,   b. 1775, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Before 1810  (Age 34 years)
    +3. Mary Back,   b. 01 Nov 1777
    +4. Henry Back, Jr.,   b. 06 Feb 1785, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 May 1871  (Age 86 years)
    +5. Joseph Back,   b. 1766-1781, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. After 1810, probably Madison County Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years)
    +6. Lewis Back,   b. 14 Oct 1787, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. After 1860, probably McDonald County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)
    Last Modified 13 Jun 2022 
    Family ID F2709  Group Sheet

  • Documents
    John Huffman estate settlement
    John Huffman estate settlement
    Madison Co VA Will Book 1 pages 221-225, settlement with heirs of John Huffman, including Henry Back and John Back as the husbands of two of the daughters. Henry Back bought two books from the estate. Was one of them what the Back family calls "The Catechism?" John Huffman carefully worded his will to make provision for two large German Bibles so it would make sense that he would have other religious books.
    'Mr. Henry Back'
    "Mr. Henry Back"
    The name of Henry Back in the inside back cover of the book of catechisms used to record the names and dates of his family. High resolution scans of this and other pages can be viewed on the Breathitt County Library website. It does NOT say John Henry Back as others have stated. It merely says "Mr. Henry Back." It is NOT a Catholic catechism as others have stated, it is Church of England.
    The Catechism-
Church of England/Anglican (not Roman Catholic)
    The Catechism- Church of England/Anglican (not Roman Catholic)
    One page from "The Catechism" formerly in the possession of the Back/Bach family of southeastern Kentucky, now archived at the Breathitt Library, Jackson, Kentucky
    A course of lectures upon the church catechism in four volumes. Vol. I. Upon the preliminary questions and answers by a divine of the Church of England.(Anglican)
    Thomas Bray became the Commissary for Maryland Colony and was responsible for establishing libraries and distributing nearly 34,000 religious books throughout the colonies. www.americanantiquarians.org
    Bray, Thomas, 1658-1730.
    Oxford: Printed by Leonard Litchfield, Printer to the University, for the author, 1696.
    University of Michigan Library, http://name.umdl.umich.edu/A29256.0001.001
    1781 Culpeper County Virginia Class List (Military)
    1781 Culpeper County Virginia Class List (Military)
    Revolutionary War Service
    1783 Culpeper County Virginia Tax
    1783 Culpeper County Virginia Tax
    The 1783 tax qualifies as Revolutionary War service because it supported the war effort
    COUSINS, NOT BROTHERS
    COUSINS, NOT BROTHERS
    06 Feb 1785 is Henry Back Junior's date of birth, recorded in the catechism book that served as his family’s Bible for recording births and deaths, currently in the archives of the Breathitt County Library, Jackson, Kentucky.

    18 June 1785 is Aaron’s date of birth, recorded on his tombstone.

    Aaron was born just a little over four months after Henry and therefore cannot share the same mother. Henry is the son of Henry Back and Elizabeth Huffman Back. Aaron is the son of John Back and Margaret Huffman Back. They were double first cousins, not brothers. Aaron is not listed with his sisters on the deed disposing of his mother’s land because he was just 17 years old at the time.
    1794 INCORRECT reference to administration of John's estate.  See original record on this page.
    1794 INCORRECT reference to administration of John's estate. See original record on this page.
    Dr. Wilgus Bach died unexpectedly before he finished his research. His notes were placed in a notebook and donated to the Kentucky Historical Society by his family. Instead of "Joseph Back" as appears in his notes, the original record in Madison County Virginia says Henry Back assisted John's widow Margaret in the administration of the estate. This was likely an innocent error by the person who transcribed Dr. Bach's handwritten notes onto the typewritten page.
    1794 Madison County Virginia Will Book 11, page 27-28
FamilySearch
    1794 Madison County Virginia Will Book 11, page 27-28 FamilySearch
    The late Dr. Wilgus Bach (1887-1936) mistakenly stated in his notes that "Joseph Back" administered the estate of John Back. As this document shows, it was John's wife Margaret Back and John's brother HENRY Back, not someone named Joseph. This mistake was copied by many and has caused many incorrect family trees. Had Dr. Bach not died unexpectedly with his work unfinished, he might have corrected his error in his unpublished notes. The Joseph Back who was the brother of this John Back was married and living in Mercer County Kentucky at the time of the death of John Back and the administration of his estate. Their father Harman Back was also in Mercer County where he had written his own will in 1792.
    1789 Land Tax List Culpeper County, Virginia
    1789 Land Tax List Culpeper County, Virginia
    John Back, Henry Back, & Harman Back Junr
    Land Tax District of John Gibbs
    Harman Sr was in the district of Aaron Lane
    1793 Land Tax List, Madison County Virginia
    1793 Land Tax List, Madison County Virginia
    John, Henry, and Harman Jr. responsible for taxes on the same list.

    Madison County Land Tax, microfilm, Library of Virginia
    1802 Madison County Virginia Personal Property Tax List
    1802 Madison County Virginia Personal Property Tax List
    Henry and Benjamin, first year Benjamin was listed
    DNA Deletion at DYS425
    DNA Deletion at DYS425
    From the online graphic at Family Tree DNA, Bach to Back DNA Project. The zero return at DYS425 for all of the participants in Group A is a rare result. Once DNA disappears from a location it can never mutate back. All of the descendants of the man who first experienced this deletion will also have no DNA at that location.
    1806 Madison County Virginia Personal Property Tax List
    1806 Madison County Virginia Personal Property Tax List
    Henry, Joseph, Benjamin adjacent listings. This was the last year Benjamin appeared. John and Henry were on the Lee County Virginia tax list in 1806.
    DNA Analysis based on Y-DNA 111 markers
    DNA Analysis based on Y-DNA 111 markers
    All of the kits in this analysis have been upgraded to 111 markers which shows a more precise prediction linking the descendants of Joseph, Harman Jr, and two sons of Henry Sr together. The graphic images with the predictions are copied exactly as they appear on the Family Tree DNA website.

  • Notes 
    • Both Henry Sr. and Elizabeth appear to have been descendants of immigrants to the "Germanna Colony" in Virginia
    • An article in Pennsylvania Folklife includes a scan of the original entry along with a translation of a list in Church records in German recording persons leaving for Georgia. There is no record of their arrival, only of their intention to depart.

      The emigrants from the Freudenberg Parish in the year 1738 were listed in the Burial Register of the Parish by the pastor. Otto Bäumer published the material in the periodical ?Heimatland: Beilage zur Siegener Zeitung?, in 1927. Don Yoder translated the article and published it in Pennsylvania Folklife, Winter 1969-70, Vol. XIX, No.2, p.46

      "As information I wished to write down on these pages that today, the 13th of March, 1738, there left for Georgia, the new island under the protection of His Majesty the King of England, out of this land and parish, with the knowledge and consent of the authorities of this our land, the following named persons, some of them householders with wife and children, others single male persons, namely:

      From Freudenberg -
      Tillmanus Seelbach with his wife Anna Beata, also his son-in-law and daughter;
      Gerlach Waffenschmidt and his wife Anna Maria with four
      children;
      Henrich Ernstorf and his wife Anna Catharin with three children;
      Hermann Bach and his wife Anna Margreth with one child;
      Johann Fredrich Müller and his wife Anna Maria with one child;
      Hymenäus Creutz and his wife Elisabeth;
      Georg Weidman, single status, Heinrich Weidman?s orphaned son;
      Tillmanus Steinseiffer, Johann Henrich Steinseiffer?s orphaned son;
      Johannes Hoffman from Dirlenbach, Johannes Hoffman?s son;
      Johann Henrich Schmidt, Christian Schmidt?s son;
      Johann Klappert, son the former village mayor in the prince?s
      government, Johannes Klappert;
      Tillmany Gudelius, Christopher Gudelius? son;
      Hermanus Müller, son of the village justice, Hermanus Müller.

      From Plittershagen -
      Johannes Halm and his wife Anna Catharin with two children.

      From Boeschen -
      Johann Henrich Schneider and his wife Maria Catharin with
      two children;
      Johann Georg Hirnschal and his wife Anna Catharin with one
      child whose [Georg?s] father, Tilmanus Hirnschal, had left for
      America two years ago and just now returned and has gone
      back along with the others.

      From Anstoss -
      Henrich Schneider and his wife Anna Margreth with two
      children;
      Hanna Schneider, Johannes Schneider?s widow, with her son
      Johannes Schneider and his wife, born in the Hadamar
      country, with four children.?

      Westkott, Marcia; Winey, Fay McAfee; Gray, Joseph M.; Long, Amos Jr.; Gillespie, Angus K.; Krebs, Friedrich; and Baeumer, Otto, "Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 19, No. 2" (1970). Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine. Book 39.
      http://digitalcommons.ursinus.edu/pafolklifemag/39


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